NORDITA is one of the many corporations in control of planets and colonies in the Far Arm. They're a major mining export company, owning the majority of Shear's land. Shear is the largest known source of Bohrium, making NORDITA the largest exporter of Bohrium, an important material. They essentially having a monopoly over Bohrium exports, making them extremely powerful.
Factor was a colony owned by NORDITA on another planet, in a system nearby Shear's. It is said that some kind of epidemic quickly spread across the colony three years ago, and all exports, imports, immigration, and other such things were shut down. It is not known the current status of the colony, as NORDITA releases no further information.